The Air National Guard has been inextricably linked to
a strong national defense. Not only does the Air National
Guard participate in homeland security, it has an important
role in helping local authorities during floods, fires,
earthquakes and other natural disasters.
The ANG's state and federal mission is to provide trained, well-equipped
men and women who can augment the active force during national
emergencies or war, and provide assistance during natural disasters
and civil disturbances.
When Guard units are in a non-mobilized status they are commanded
by the governor of their respective state, Puerto Rico, Guam,
Virgin Islands and the commanding general of the District of Columbia
National Guard. The governors (except in the District of Columbia)
are represented in the chain of command by the adjutant general
of the state or territory.
The ANG, under order of state authorities, provides protection
of life and property, and preserves peace, order and public safety.
State missions, which are funded by the individual states, include
disaster relief in times of earthquakes, hurricanes, floods and
forest fires; search and rescue; protection of vital public services;
and support to civil defense.
As part of the total Air Force, the ANG provides operationally
ready combat units and combat support units and qualified personnel
for active duty in the Air Force to fulfill war and contingency
commitments. ANG units are assigned to most major commands during
peacetime to accomplish this mission. The major commands establish
training standards, provide advisory assistance and evaluate ANG
units for unit training, readiness and safety programs.
Personnel and Resources
The primary means of providing full-time support for ANG units
is through use of dual-status military technicians, plus guardsmen
on active duty. These full-time support personnel perform day-to-day
management, administration and maintenance. By law, dual-status
military technicians are civil service employees of the federal
government who must be military members of the unit in which they
are employed. They participate in training activities and are
mobilized with the unit when it is ordered to active duty. Active
duty members serve under the command authority of their respective
state and territorial governors until mobilized, and are not a
part of the worldwide pool of Air Force manpower until that time.
The ANG has more than 109,000 officers and enlisted personnel
who serve in 89 flying units and 242 mission support units.
The ANG provides 100 percent of the Air Force's air defense interceptor
force, 33 percent of the general purpose fighter force, 45 percent
of the tactical airlift and 6 percent of the special operations
capability. In addition, the ANG provides 43 percent of the air
refueling KC-135 tankers, 28 percent of the rescue and recovery
capability, 23 percent of tactical air support forces, 10 percent
of the bomber force and 8 percent of the strategic airlift forces.
Airlift squadrons, flying C-130 Hercules aircraft, transport personnel,
equipment and supplies. Eleven aeromedical evacuation units and
23 aerial port units augment the Air Force. The ANG's airlift
capability includes one C-5 Galaxy and two C-141 Starlifter units.
Air refueling units, flying KC-135 Stratotankers, provide air-to-air
refueling for strategic and tactical missions. The ANG has one
special operations unit flying EC-130 aircraft.
Rescue units, flying HH-60 helicopters and HC-130 aircraft, provide
a lifesaving capability to military and civilian agencies. The
ANG has three rescue and recovery squadrons.
The first heavy bomber unit was activated in 1994. Flying B-1
bomber aircraft, the unit provides strategic strike and deterrence
capabilities. Air support units, flying OA-10s, provide forward
air control support for close air support missions. The general-purpose
fighter force is equipped with F-15, F-16, A-10 and F-4G Wild
Support units are essential to the Air Force mission. In the ANG
they include: air control units; combat communications squadrons;
civil engineering, engineering installation and civil engineering
heavy repair squadrons; and communication flights and squadrons.
Support units also include weather flights, aircraft control and
warning squadrons, a range control squadron and an electronic
ANG men and women provide 80 percent of the Air Force's combat
communication units and 74 percent of the engineering installation
capability. Other mission support units contribute 49 percent
of the total Air Force civil engineering forces, 68 percent of
air control, and 100 percent of the aircraft control and warning
ANG weather flights provide weather support to Air Force as well
as Army National Guard and Army Reserve divisions and brigades.
The gaining command for the weather flights is Air Combat Command,
except for one unit gained by Pacific Air Forces.
Civil engineering squadrons provide engineer and firefighter forces
trained and equipped to deploy on short notice. Other civil engineering
squadrons provide self-sufficient, deployable civil engineering
teams to perform heavy repair and maintenance on air bases and
Medical units, located with parent flying organizations, provide
day-to-day health care for flying and non-flying personnel during
their two-week annual training period or during monthly two-day
unit training assemblies.
Training and Education
Training in the ANG is categorized into two general areas for
officers and enlisted personnel -- technical skills training and
professional military education. ANG officers and airmen have
opportunities to participate in the same professional military
education as their active-duty Air Force counterparts. Professional
military education also is available through correspondence courses,
on-base seminars and video teleconferencing.
Point of Contact
New Contact Information coming soon! Headquarters and contact
phone number has changed.
WWW.GOANG.COM - The Air National Guard Web-Site