air weather

Air Weather Service

Air Weather Service is headquartered at Scott AFB, IL, and was established July 1, 1937. AWS was restructured as a field operating agency during the reorganization of the former Military Airlift Command.

Mission

Air Weather Service provides technical advice and assistance to all agencies supported by the Air Force weather support system and for the standardization and interoperability of the total Air Force weather support system. It also assesses the quality and technical goodness of weather support and fields standard weather systems for the Air Force, Army anspecial forces.

Personnel and Resources

Air Weather Service has more than 1,100 military and civilian personnel serving at 11 locations throughout the United States.

Organization

Air Weather Service is a field operating agency that reports to the Air Force Directorate of Weather, Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Plans and Operations at Headquarters U.S. Air Force, Washington, D.C. It has three directorates at the headquarters and an equal number of satellite units that provide current and long-range plans and day-to-day requirements. Within the headquarters, the Technology, Plans and Programs directorate develops the initial requirements and operational concepts into a working solution for all Air Force weather units. The Systems and Communications directorate manage functions related to AWS' responsibility as the Air Force's lead command for weather systems. These two directorates work hand-in-hand to define requirements, develop concepts and then acquiring standard weather systems for the Air Force. The Resource Management directorate directs special staff support activities. Public affairs, financial management and comptroller, inquiries and investigation, history office, information management, personnel, manpower and organization, and process improvement all fall in their functional area.

Air Force Global Weather Central, located at Offutt AFB, Neb., maintains the world's most comprehensive weather database. AFGWC applies it in real-time to satisfy worldwide requirements of Army and Air Force combat forces, the National Command Authorities, Department of Defense and multi-billion-dollar sensitive national programs controlled by the Secretary of the Air Force.

AFGWC employs unique man-machine interfaces to combine conventional weather and meteorological satellite data with numerical model output to produce products tailored to meet the special needs of military operations. Detachment 7, AFGWC, at Tinker AFB, Okla., collects, processes and distributes real-time weather data to combat and combat support organizations of the U.S. Air Force and other DOD and federal agencies.

Air Force Combat Climatology Center , also at Scott AFB, Ill., collects, saves and applies weather data to generate environmental products in support of worldwide operations of the Air Force, Army, other DOD and U.S. government interests. A combination of advanced computer programs and the world's largest computerized climatic database, located at an operating location in Asheville, N.C. , enables AFCCC to prepare studies and analyses to support weapon systems design, mission planning and combat operations worldwide.

Combat Weather Facility, at Hurlburt Field, Fla., is the Air Force focal point for battlefield weather technology and serves as the primary center for training weather personnel on tactical weather and communications equipment. Other CWF objectives include exploiting new technology, and developing new procedures to forecast weather; and testing new tactical meteorological and communications equipment and concepts. The CWF also has an operating location at Fort Blanding, Fla.

Vision Statement

Total force professionals arming America's combat forces with the winning edge - the world's best military weather capability.

History

On July 1, 1937, the War Department transferred responsibility for weather support of the Army's air arm from the Army Signal Corps to the Army Air Corps. Twenty-two officers and 180 enlisted men were transferred from the Signal Corps to the Army Air Corps. Seven years later, at the peak of World War II, Air Weather Service had about 19,000 military personnel working at more than 900 locations throughout the world.

On March 13, 1946, the Army Air Forces Weather Service was redesignated as the Air Weather Service and reassigned to the Air Transport Command, forerunner of the Military Airlift Command. On April 1, 1991, AWS was restructured as a field operating agency, ending its 45-year status as a subordinate organization of the former Military Airlift Command and reporting directly to Headquarters U.S. Air Force.

Point Of Contact

Air Weather Service
Public Affairs Office, 102 W. Losey St., Room 105; Scott AFB, IL
DSN 576-3350, ext. 334, or (618) 256-3350, ext. 334

September, 1995

 

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